The basic workings of host checks are described here...
Hosts are checked by the Shinken daemon:
Regularly scheduled host checks are optional. If you set the check_interval option in your host definition to zero (0), Shinken will not perform checks of the hosts on a regular basis. It will, however, still perform on-demand checks of the host as needed for other parts of the monitoring logic.
On-demand checks are made when a service associated with the host changes state because Shinken needs to know whether the host has also changed state. Services that change state are often an indicator that the host may have also changed state. For example, if Shinken detects that the “HTTP” service associated with a host just changed from a CRITICAL to an OK state, it may indicate that the host just recovered from a reboot and is now back up and running.
On-demand checks of hosts are also made as part of the host reachability logic. Shinken is designed to detect network outages as quickly as possible, and distinguish between DOWN and UNREACHABLE host states. These are very different states and can help an admin quickly locate the cause of a network outage.
On-demand checks are also performed as part of the predictive host dependency check logic. These checks help ensure that the dependency logic is as accurate as possible.
The performance of on-demand host checks can be significantly improved by implementing the use of cached checks, which allow Shinken to forgo executing a host check if it determines a relatively recent check result will do instead. More information on cached checks can be found here.
You can define host execution dependencies that prevent Shinken from checking the status of a host depending on the state of one or more other hosts. More information on dependencies can be found here.
All checks are run in parallel.
Hosts that are checked can be in one of three different states:
Host checks are performed by plugins, which can return a state of OK, WARNING, UNKNOWN, or CRITICAL. How does Shinken translate these plugin return codes into host states of UP, DOWN, or UNREACHABLE? Lets see...
The table below shows how plugin return codes correspond with preliminary host states. Some post-processing (which is described later) is done which may then alter the final host state.
|Preliminary Host State
If the preliminary host state is DOWN, Shinken will attempt to see if the host is really DOWN or if it is UNREACHABLE. The distinction between DOWN and UNREACHABLE host states is important, as it allows admins to determine root cause of network outages faster. The following table shows how Shinken makes a final state determination based on the state of the hosts parent(s). A host’s parents are defined in the parents directive in host definition.
|Preliminary Host State
|Parent Host State
|Final Host State
|At least one parent is UP
|All parents are either DOWN or UNREACHABLE
More information on how Shinken distinguishes between DOWN and UNREACHABLE states can be found here.
As you are probably well aware, hosts don’t always stay in one state. Things break, patches get applied, and servers need to be rebooted. When Shinken checks the status of hosts, it will be able to detect when a host changes between UP, DOWN, and UNREACHABLE states and take appropriate action. These state changes result in different state types (HARD or SOFT), which can trigger event handlers to be run and notifications to be sent out. Detecting and dealing with state changes is what Shinken is all about.
When hosts change state too frequently they are considered to be “flapping”. A good example of a flapping host would be server that keeps spontaneously rebooting as soon as the operating system loads. That’s always a fun scenario to have to deal with. Shinken can detect when hosts start flapping, and can suppress notifications until flapping stops and the host’s state stabilizes. More information on the flap detection logic can be found here.